Study lead Professor Richard Holt said clinicians should watch out for the early warning signs of diabetes in patients who have been prescribed antidepressants.
He said: "Some of this may be coincidence but there's a signal that people who are being treated with antidepressants then have an increased risk of going on to develop diabetes.
"We need to think about screening and look at means to reduce that risk."
However, he did add that more research is needed to uncover how the two are linked.
Dr Matthew Hobbs of Diabetes UK told the BBC: "These findings fall short of being strong evidence that taking anti-depressants directly increases risk of type 2 diabetes. In this review, even the studies that did suggest a link showed only a small effect and just because two things tend to occur together, it doesn't necessarily mean that one is causing the other.
"But what is clear is that some anti-depressants lead to weight gain and that putting on weight increases risk of type 2 diabetes. Anyone who is currently taking, or considering taking, anti-depressants and is concerned about this should discuss their concerns with their GP."