Smokers attempting to quit could be hindered by where they live or even their gender, according to new research.
A study has found that factors such as age, gender and location could have a significant impact on the success of NHS stop smoking services.
The study found that while the service is effective in helping certain smokers kick the habit, there are significant differences which contribute to the long-term success of others.
The effectiveness of the NHS cessation service was assessed in a study commissioned by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) and undertaken by the UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies (UKCTCS).
The study attempted to establish success rates by reviewing published research from between 1990 and 2007.
It found that older smokers are more likely than young smokers to successfully quit; some men appear to be more successful at quitting than women despite the fact that more women attend smoking cessation services; and more disadvantaged groups face greater challenges when giving up smoking.
The findings support other international research that also suggests that while women are highly motivated to quit smoking, men may be more likely to succeed when they access services to help them stop.
The research team concluded that NHS stop smoking services have made a contribution to reducing inequalities in smoking prevalence.
"As a stop smoking nurse I would agree with this research but again, it is not telling me anything new. With younger people I would focus on money saved and the effects on looks and also stamina. I also find mentioning tooth loss and discolouration useful with young people. There is an ad on TV at the moment for a mouthwash that depicts a glamourous young woman removing her make up and a false tooth. This could just as easily be related to smoking" - Lynne Hughes, Liverpool
"I agree with Carl - show them how they age quicker than their peers who don't smoke" - Barbara Wells, Dover
"I know it is more difficult to get younger smokers to quit, particularly from poor socio-economic backgrounds. I think the research is not telling me (a practice nurse) anything new. Older smokers suffer from co-morbidities, so it's easier to link to a condition they have, eg, diabetes, COPD, CHD, PVD and explain smoking is making it worse. Try telling a younger woman smoking will affect your heart, lungs, circulation, it has no impact. Perhaps research should focus on their skin and age their faces, now that will catch their eye! Show them the consequences of smoking on their faces as they get older. What an impact on their skin it would have. Then tell them to stop smoking" - Carl Curtis, London