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Daily commute hits women the hardest

Women are more likely than men to suffer from mental health problems as a result of their daily commute, a study has found.

Researchers at the London School of Economics and the University of Sheffield analysed data from the annual British Household Panel Survey found that despite spending less time commuting than men, women were far more susceptible to the stresses of public transport.

It is believed women may be more concerned about the time spent commuting because they are often responsible for a large proportion of day-to-day household tasks, such as childcare and cleaning.

Jennifer Roberts, Professor of Economics at the University of Sheffield, said: "We know that women, especially those with children, are more likely to add daily errands to their commute, such as food shopping and dropping-off and picking-up children from childcare.

"These time constraints and the reduced flexibility that comes with them make commuting stressful in a way that it wouldn't be otherwise."

The findings, published in the Journal of Health Economics, suggest woman may need to find ways to manage commuting-related stress, as the problem can contribute to other conditions such as depression, anxiety, insomnia, high blood pressure and heart disease.

London School of Economics

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