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Ebola declared 'international health emergency'

The Ebola outbreak in West Africa has been declared an international health emergency by the World Health Organization. 

This year, more than 930 people have died from Ebola in West Africa during the largest and longest outbreak in history. 

Although there will be no ban on international travel or trade, states should be prepared to detect, manage and investigate Ebola cases. 

Other recommendations include:

 - Good surveillance to pick up potential cases

- Giving people in affected countries up-to-date information on risks

- Effective measures to manage risks to healthcare workers.

Ebola is transmitted through contact with the bodily fluids of infected persons, surfaces or meat. 

Once transmitted, the symptoms include fever, internal and external bleeding, vomiting and diarrhoea. There is currently no vaccine or cure. 

But Keiji Fukuda, the WHO's head of health security, said  that with the right measures to deal with infected people, the spread of the disease could be stopped.

He said: "This is not a mysterious disease. This is an infectious disease that can be contained. It is not a virus that is spread through the air."

Margaret Chan, director general of WHO said the outbreak was happening in countries without the resources to manage the infections. 

She said: “Countries affected to date simply do not have the capacity to manage an outbreak of this size and complexity on their own. I urge the international community to provide this support on the most urgent basis possible.”