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New insight into fight against diabetes complications

New results from ADVANCE (Action in Diabetes and Vascular Disease: Preterax and Diamicron MR Controlled Evaluation), the largest clinical trial ever performed in patients with type 2 diabetes worldwide, provide important insights into the therapeutic strategy to adopt for efficient and safe blood glucose control aimed at the reduction of severe diabetes complications.
The new data from ADVANCE, presented yesterday at the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Congress, show that the efficacy and safety of intensive blood glucose control using gliclazide modified release (MR) (Diamicron MR)-based regimen is maintained across a broad range of patients in different clinical settings.
ADVANCE demonstrated that intensive glucose control with a gliclazide MR–based treatment regimen in people with type 2 diabetes reduces the combined risk of microvascular and macrovascular events, primarily through reductions in the risk of diabetic nephropathy. 
ADVANCE Study Investigator, Sophia Zoungas, from The George Institute for International Health, Australia, said: “Intensive glucose control with a gliclazide MR-based regimen was effective in lowering HbA1C, irrespective of age, duration of diabetes, sex, body mass index, or HbA1C at study entry, and also irrespective of initial glucose lowering treatment.

“The gliclazide MR-based regimen was well-tolerated with very low rates of severe hypoglycemia and no weight gain.”
“ADVANCE is a huge reservoir of valuable clinical information,” concluded ADVANCE Principal Investigator Professor John Chalmers from The George Institute for International Health, Australia.

“For this reason, we plan to continue the follow-up of the ADVANCE patients and we believe that this new study—ADVANCE-ON6— will play a pivotal role in defining future clinical management of the tens of millions of people with type 2 diabetes worldwide.”
At the IDF Congress, the ADVANCE investigators also provided important insights into factors predicting cardiovascular risk in this population.

Age at diagnosis, known duration of diabetes, sex, pulse pressure, treated hypertension, atrial fibrillation, retinopathy, HBA1C, albumin/creatinine ratio, and non-HDL cholesterol level at baseline were all found to be significant predictors of cardiovascular events.

A new risk prediction tool was developed by the ADVANCE investigators using these variables, paving the way for a new ‘risk engine’ that may be more relevant for contemporary populations of treated patients with diabetes compared to  older risk prediction tools such as the Framingham and UKPDS (United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study) models.

International Diabetes Federation