This site is intended for health professionals only

Oesophageal cancer rates double in 40 years

The number of people dying from oesophageal cancer has risen by 49% in the last 40 years, new figures show. 

The latest figures from Cancer Research UK show around 7,600 people (13 in every 100,000) die each year from oesophageal cancer, compared to around 3,800 in 1971 (eight in every 100,000). For men, death rates have jumped by 65% since the 1970s. But the increase is much smaller for women, with rates rising by just nine percent.

Oesophageal cancer is now the sixth most common cause of cancer death in the UK.

Mr Tim Underwood, an oesophageal surgeon and researcher for Cancer Research UK at the University of Southampton, said: “These figures are a clear reminder that we've still a long way to go with oesophageal cancer. We must do more to diagnose the disease as early as possible. As a surgeon, I see many patients walk through my door who have not recognised or ignored the symptoms that might be oesophageal cancer for too long, and they only seek help when food starts to get stuck when they swallow.  So by the time I see them it's too late for treatment that could cure them.

“People should be aware that persistent heartburn is not normal.  If this is happening to you, you need to see your GP.  The vast majority of people won't have anything seriously wrong with them, but it's important to get it checked out." 

Oesophageal cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer death in men, causing six per cent (around 5,100) of all male deaths from cancer. The lifetime risk of developing oesophageal cancer is 1 in 56 for men and 1 in 110 for women. But the good news is that over the past decade, deaths from oesophageal cancer seem to be stabilising.

Dr Harpal Kumar, Cancer Research UK's chief executive, said: “We need to do better for oesophageal cancer patients. At Cancer Research UK, research into oesophageal cancer is a priority for us, and we will make sure that it continues to be so.

“Many of us will have had heartburn as we over indulged over the festive period. But if you need to take heartburn tablets on a regular basis - for more than three weeks for example - make sure you go and get this checked out with your doctor.”