This site is intended for health professionals only

Official guidance on face-down restraint launched

New controls to stop the deliberate use of face-down restraint for people receiving care have been launched by Care and Support Minister Norman Lamb.

The new guidance comes after a government investigation into the Winterbourne View Hospital found restraint being used to abuse patients. A similar study by Mind also found that restrictive interventions were being used for too long, often not as a last resort and even to inflict pain, humiliate or punish.

The new programme, called Positive and Safe, will support staff to avoid the use of all restrictive interventions, which include physical, chemical, medical and mechanical restraint and seclusion.

Care and Support Minister, Norman Lamb (pictured), said: "No-one should ever come to harm in the health or care system. Although it is sometimes necessary to use restraint to stop someone hurting themselves or others, the safety of patients must always come first.

"This new guidance will stop inappropriate use of all types of restraint, reduce this outdated practice and help staff to keep patients safe."

The new guidance forms part of a two-year strategy to overhaul the use of restrictive interventions - such as face-down restraint, seclusion and rapid sedation - in all health and care services.

The guidance has been developed jointly by health and care professionals and people who use services, and led by the Royal College of Nursing. It will make sure staff are given the best possible information and support, enabling them to give high quality care whilst also keeping themselves safe.

Restraint can cause both physical and psychological harm to patients and staff. As a result the government has published new guidance to reduce the use of this outdated practice in all health and adult care settings and is investing £1.2 million in staff training so they can avoid using restrictive interventions.

'Major step forward'

Paul Farmer, chief executive of Mind, said: "We know that healthcare staff do a challenging job and sometimes need to make difficult decisions very quickly. This is comprehensive guidance that looks to address the system as a whole, transforming cultures and attitudes so that difficult situations are less likely to arise and so that staff are supported to use alternatives to restraint when faced with challenging behaviour.

"When someone is in a mental health crisis they need help, not harm. Physical restraint can be humiliating, dangerous and even life-threatening and our own research indicates that some trusts are currently using it too quickly. We look forward to seeing this guidance implemented in health and social care services across England for the benefit of all people with mental health problems and the frontline staff who support them through crisis."

The guidance recognises there might be a rare occasion where staff need to restrain people - for example, to stop someone from harming themselves or others - but this new guidance will ensure this is only used as a last resort and for the shortest time possible.

Dr Peter Carter, chief executive of the Royal College of Nursing said: "Nobody wants to see a repetition of the horrific events of Winterbourne View. Nurses have been at the forefront of developing the new approach, which is the result of committed co-operation between professionals, and which makes use of the views of those who have experienced physical intervention.

"This moment is a major step forward in making difficult situations more manageable, and it is at the heart of compassionate care. The Government's resolve in bringing about this change is to be applauded and the RCN will be working with them to make this approach a reality for all vulnerable people."

Positive and Safe includes guidance and workforce training plans to create more compassionate health and care settings where people are supported to manage their behaviour in therapeutic environments, so they do not become distressed to the point of needing to be restrained. However, where restraint is absolutely necessary, staff will have the skills and tools to use restrictive interventions safely and in a way that minimises distress.