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Red wine could help diabetes patients, research suggests

A glass of red wine each night with dinner in patients with well controlled type 2 diabetes can improve a person's metabolic profile over two years, new research has found.

There were 224 controlled diabetes patients involved, who were split into three equal groups and had mineral water, white wine, or red wine (150ml serving) with dinner each night for two years, and all groups followed the same diet.

The results suggest that red wine is better at improving metabolic profiles, by modestly increasing good (HDL) cholesterol and apolipoprotein A1 (one of the major constituents of HDL cholesterol), while decreasing the ratio between total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol.

Wine of either type did not affect their medication usage, or their blood pressure or liver function tests. Although both wine groups modestly improved glucose metabolism, overall, improvements in the metabolic profiles were mainly attributed to red-wine.

The research was presented at this year's European Congress on Obesity in Prague, and was led by Professor Iris Shai at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negrev in Israel, in collaboration with Professor Meir Stampfer, Harvard School of Public Health, USA, and colleagues from University of Leipzig, Germany.