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Clinical Guidelines

High blood pressure is one of the most important preventable causes of premature ill health and death in the UK. It is a major risk factor for stroke, heart attack, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, cognitive decline and premature death. Primary hypertension is diagnosed when there is no simple identifiable cause of the raised blood pressure: the hypertension may be partly related to obesity, dietary factors such as salt intake, physical inactivity or genetic inheritance.