NICE has identified the care children and young people (CYP) with depression should receive, the information they should be given, treatment and services that should be provided to them by healthcare professionals.
The guideline outlines the practice advice on the care of CYP suffering from depression in regards to the responsibilities healthcare professionals have, which should be highlighted to those working in the NHS.
The guideline explained a simple way for healthcare professionals to understand the signs of depression using the international statistical classification for disease’s model.
It defined four categories of depression: not depressed (fewer than four symptoms), mild depression (four symptoms), moderate depression (five to six symptoms), and severe depression (seven or more symptoms, with or without psychotic symptoms).
All patients and their families or carers should be given both information and support to help them make the best decisions possible regarding treatment for their depression. For example, alongside medical treatment, families and carers should be informed of self‑help groups and support groups and be encouraged to participate when possible.
All treatment should only be chosen if it meets the individual needs and preferences of the patient. Once a treatment has been chosen diagnosis and management should be reviewed throughout the transition process to ensure the CYP’s health is improving.
When any CYP is assessed for depression everything possible should be recorded in the patients notes to help the patient in the future if they suffer from depression in later life.